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malinowski magic science and religion - pdf

A MELANESIAN MASK
Magic, Science and Religion
and Other Essays
by
Bronislaw Malinowski
Selected, and with an Introduction
by
ROBERT REDFIELD
Trade Edition
BEACON PRESS: BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
Text Edition
THE FREE PRESS: GLENCOE, ILUNOIS
1948
Copyright 1948
The Free Press
Printed in The United States of America
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION by Robert Redfield
vii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
xii
MAGIC, SCIENCE AND RELIGION
I. Primitive Man and His Religion
II. Rational Mastery by Man of His Surroundings
III. Life and Destiny in Early Faith and Cult
1. The creative acts of religion
2. Providence in Human Life
3. Man's selective interest in Nature
4. Death and the Reintegration of the group..
IV. The Public and Tribal Character of Primitive Cults
1. Society as the substance of God
2. The moral efficiency of Savage Beliefs
3. Social and Individual Contributions in Primitive Religion
V. The Art of Magic and the Power of Faith
1. The Rite and the Spell
2. The Tradition of Magic
3. Mana and the Virtue of Magic
4. Magic and Experience
5. Magic and Science
6. Magic and Religion
1
1
8
19
19
23
26
29
35
37
41
MYTH IN PRIMITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Dedication to Sir James Frazer
I. The Role of Myth in Life
II. Myth of Origin
III. Myth of Death and the Recurrent Cycle of Life
IV. Myth of Magic
V. Conclusion
w
48
50
51
55
57
59
65
67
72
72
74
89
103
114
119
BALOMA; THE SPIRITS OF THE DEAD IN THE
TROBRIAND ISLANDS
I. General remarks concerning the independence of
mortuary practices, and the welfare of the spirit;
the two forms of spirit or ghost, the baloma and the
kosi; the mulukuausi, terrible beings which haunt the
neighborhood of a corpse
II. The journey of the Spirit (baloma) to the nether
world; its arrival and reception in Tuma, the island
of the spirits
III. Communion between the baloma and the living;
actual meetings in waking condition; communion
through dreams and visions; nature of the baloma
and the kosi
IV. Return of the spirits to their villages during the
annual feast, the milamala
V. Part played by the spirits in magic; references to
ancestors in magical spells
VI. Beliefs in reincarnation
VII. Ignorance of the physiology of reproduction
VIII. Some general statements concerning the sociology of
belief
210
THE PROBLEM
LANGUAGE
228